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The crisis was waiting to happen since long



Iraq's tragedy is terrifying enough — for every one of the country, for the new cities of refugees moving across its borders, for the sectarianisation of the whole Middle East without stubbornly refusing to accept that this whole revolt has been going on for years

It's worth taking a look at why the crisis in Iraq should have come as no surprise to any of us. Horror it may be. Shock it is not. Take Tel Afar, the Iraqi town close to Iraq's border with Syria — when the border still existed, that is — which has just "fallen" to the rebels. The Americans were scrambling to hold on to this frontier way station almost 10 years ago and had to "recapture" it from Al Qaeda-style insurgents at least once. Indeed, Hassan Jamal Sulieman Oweydah, a Palestinian from the Mieh Mieh refugee camp in Lebanon, rammed his car into an American convoy at Tel Afar in December of 2004.

He was the first Palestinian "martyr" in the war against the US occupation of Iraq — and came from the same "Levant" forming part of the title of the Iraqi-Syrian rebel group.

Hassan's Palestinian friend Ahmed Al Faran later blew himself up in a suicide bomb attack in Fallujah, another of the towns now invested by the rebels of Iraq. Twice, the Americans had to "capture" Mosul before they left Iraq.

And for well over a year before its "capture" this month — although the country's flag flew over official buildings — large parts of the city remained effectively outside government control.

And who can be surprised at the "capture" of Haditha, announced to the now-familiar consternation on Saturday night. As a centre of anti-Western resistance, was it not bound to fall to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Isis) and its chums? And has everyone forgotten — for not a soul mentioned this — that this was the scene of the most infamous US war crime in Iraq, the massacre by US marines of 24 unarmed men, women and children in November 2005, a slaughter supposedly carried out in revenge for the killing of a marine in the town.

Compared to the My Lai massacre in Vietnam, Haditha was an obvious choice for conquest. Who in Haditha would die for Nouri Al Maliki, America's own favourite as Iraqi leader (at least he was, until last week)?

Of course, we may rage to our hearts' content at the destruction of our whole absurd Iraqi project. The New York Times columnist Roger Cohen, normally the calmest of fellows, was in historical wrath mode recently.

"Iraq and Syria ... were rotten to the core, as ripe for dismemberment as the Ottoman Empire a century ago, sickened by the personality cults of brutal rulers, cracking at the internal lines of fracture colonial overseers chose to disregard," Cohen roared. "They were in a state of postponed decomposition."

Well, not really. Outrageous though the Sykes-Picot agreement was, it did at least leave Ottoman Mesopotamia in one piece (although France wanted Mosul for itself).

The problem was that the Brits foisted a king on to the country and thus ensured that the people would never exercise real freedom, and never learn the benefits of such dignity. It was, as we know, about oil — the same reason for the 2003 Anglo-American invasion and the strike north by US forces to capture Mosul. And oil still remains — weirdly — an unspoken reason for this new war.

Sure, it's a blow to the Iraqi government to lose the oil facilities of Baiji. But it's much more of a victory for those who fund the militants swarming across Iraq — since the capture of Mosul has cut the city's oil supplies to the outside world and closed down output from Baiji itself.

Iraq's tragedy is terrifying enough — for every one of the country, for the new cities of refugees moving across its borders, for the sectarianisation of the whole Middle East — without stubbornly refusing to accept that this whole revolt has been going on for years, that hatred of America plays a foundation role.

One Middle East newspaper last week wrote scathingly of the failure of Arab "unity". The Arabs had failed to unite over "Palestine". They had failed to unite through nationalism or Baathism.

The only true unity evident of late was that of refugees. Refugees from Palestine, from Syria, from Iraq, from Somalia and Sudan and South Sudan. It might be time, the paper concluded, for the Arab League to offer refugees their own seat in time for the next Arab Summit.

And, of course, today let's remember Lebanon and Hassan Oweydah who killed himself in Tel Afar all those years ago. He even arranged for his mother to receive a videotape — she showed it to me — of him cheerfully waving goodbye as he drove off to "martyrdom" in his bomb-rigged car.

The Salafists of Syria and Iraq have received arms and money via their militant allies in Lebanon — part of the frontier town of Ersal has for months been a virtual militant enclave inside Lebanon. The "Levant" means Lebanon as well as Syria. And if they're victorious in destroying Iraq and Assad of Syria, many of these young men will return "home" to Lebanon.

In their thousands. Perhaps that should be our "thought for the day" as we gasp, breathless, at the news from Baghdad.

The Independent


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The recent unrest in Iraq has become a real tragedy for the historically rich Mesopotamian civilisation. The years of conflicts have damaged the root of the state of Iraq which has become a centre of displaced civilians today.

The decade-long fighting has cost the country heavily in every aspect, as the absence of unity among the people is continues to affect Iraq’s effort to return to normalcy. The terrifying internal issues among various warring factions have been leading to further refugee crisis. The fact is that Iraqis terribly missing unity among them which is critical to resolve the issues they have been facing since years.

The falling of cities and provinces to the hands of fighters is adding up confidence and beliefs to those who support the groups holding arms across various part of the country. Perhaps the Saddam era was successful in keeping the country united to a great extent, as a section of community might obviously be thinking of their life before and after Saddam Hussain.

It is quite disappointing to see the incompetence of United Nations to address the crisis in Iraq. And for that matter, the UN body which is responsible to maintain peace and harmony across the world has also failed; as no end to the fighting of several of the Arab countries in the Middle East region since past several years.