Muscat: People in Oman till the age of mid-twenties spend 18 per cent of their time in cultural activities and socialising but as they grow older, their involvement in such activities decreases drastically, says the Human Development Report (HDR) of
The HDR, considered an indicator of Oman's human development trend, was prepared and released recently by the Supreme Council for Planning of the Sultanate.
The report, covering the period from 2001 to 2010, says that Omanis use 18 per cent of their time in a day in cultural activities and socialising, with television watching cornering the biggest chunk. When they advance from the age group of 15-24 to one between 25-34 years, their involvement in these activities decreases drastically, it says.
"Time is considered one of the most important resources. It is a resource which can be utilised in carrying out economic activities, or for the purpose of creating resources for self such as knowledge or caring for one's health. However, there needs to be a balance between how time is to be used. The distribution of time between various activities is an indicator of the social roles and available opportunities," says the report.
The report also says, "Sleeping and relaxing were the top activities that consumed Omani time, accounting for 41 per cent of the day." Time allocated for sleeping and relaxing slightly decreases when moving from the age group 15-24 years to older groups. It starts to increase once again with progress in age and reaches a level of 610 minutes per day for individuals in the age group of 45 years and above.
Quoting a data from 2007-08, the HDR says that paid jobs take up 13 per cent of any Omani male's time whereas it consumes only four per cent of a woman's time.
Household work and shopping takes 19 per cent of women's time while the same segment of activity takes just eight per cent of men's time. The HDR observes that with the kind of social role that women play, they should have longer time for household work, while men should spend more time in gainful employment.
As regards personal care, results show no difference with the progress in age. Contrary to this, time allocated for household work and care for children and the elderly increases with the progress in age up to the age of 44 years. After that, the time allocated for the activity starts to decrease again from the age of 45 years and above.
As for the time allocated to work, it increases substantially when moving from the age group 15-24 years, but starts to decline gradually with the progress in age. Time allocated for other activities which include studying, learning, saying prayers and other activities decreases with the progress in age up to 44 years. Then it starts increasing again after a person reaches 45.