Dozens more bodies from the crash site of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 are set to arrive in the Netherlands on Thursday, as the EU prepares to hit Russia with fresh sanctions.
Foreign ministers from the 28-nation bloc said they would meet in Brussels Thursday to draw up a new list of Russian individuals and entities to be slapped with sanctions over Moscow's role in the Ukraine crisis.
The European Union agreed to speed up the imposition of wider sanctions and examine tougher measures after the Malaysia Airlines flight was shot down in strife-torn eastern Ukraine, allegedly by separatist rebels backed by neighbouring Russia.
The first bodies from the crash site arrived in the Netherlands on Wednesday, bringing the grief-stricken nation to a standstill as it mourned the 298 passengers and crew who left the country on the ill-fated journey a week ago.
An overwhelming 193 of the victims were Dutch and the country has been united in grief and anger because of delays in getting bodies home and over the way pro-Russian separatists have treated the site, the victims' remains and personal possessions.
In a poignant and sombre ceremony, uniformed Dutch military personnel hoisted 40 wooden coffins from two planes and placed them in individual hearses at Eindhoven airport in the south of the country.
Tears flowed as a trumpeter played the Last Post at a gathering of around 1,000 bereaved relatives, King Willem-Alexander and Queen Maxima and representatives of the other mourning nations met the planes.
Officials from the Netherlands who are leading the investigation on the ground in Ukraine say they have received 200 bodies from the rebels.
Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte has warned it could take months for the bodies to be identified.
Dutch police have been visiting the bereaved to retrieve DNA samples from items such as hairbrushes and from details of tattoos and fingerprints, as well as consulting medical and dental records to help with the identification.
Two warplanes shot down
Ukrainian government troops are pushing on with their offensive to wrest control of east Ukraine's industrial heartland from the pro-Moscow separatists.
In a dramatic development in the conflict hampering the MH17 recovery and investigation effort, Kiev said missiles fired from Russia took down two of its warplanes in the rebel-controlled area of the crash.
"According to preliminary information, the rockets were launched from Russian territory," Ukraine's National Security and Defence Council said.
A spokesman for the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic told AFP its fighters shot down the two aircraft.
Both pilots managed to parachute out of the Su-25 jets, which came down some 45 kilometres (25 miles) south-east of the MH17 crash site towards the Russian border.
The incident came as the International Committee of the Red Cross said it considered Ukraine to be in a state of civil war, and warned both sides to abide by the Geneva Conventions.
Putin is staring down fresh European sanctions just a week after the latest set was unveiled over its role in the Ukraine crisis, which has chilled East-West tensions to the lowest point in years.
EU weighs tighter sanctions
Ministers will decide on a list of "entities and persons, including from the Russian Federation," for providing "material or financial support" to those responsible for the March annexation of Ukraine's Crimea territory and destabilising the east of the country, where MH17 came down, the EU said Tuesday.
The EU "remains ready to introduce without delay a package of further significant restrictive measures" if Russia does not reverse course and cut the flow of fighters and material across the border into eastern Ukraine, a statement said.
US intelligence officials have said they believe the rebels mistakenly shot down the doomed Malaysia Airlines flight from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur with a surface-to-air missile.