Muscat: With Ebola virus continuing to claim lives in West Africa, the Ministry of Health (MoH) has chalked out an elaborate plan to contain the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in the Sultanate.
The ministry has drawn up plans for reporting and investigating suspected cases, enhanced surveillance at the Muscat International Airport, ensuring prevention from infection and controlling algorithm for the virus, making arrangements for clinical management of any suspected case, putting in place a system of self-declaration by international travellers, managing EVD at primary health care centres, and ensuring safe collection of blood samples from persons suspected to be infected with the highly infectious blood-borne pathogens (e.g. Ebola).
Though no suspected cases have been reported in Oman, the sensitisation effort is intended to be purely precautionary and in line with global best practices.
The virus has infected more than 2,600 people and killed 1,427, according to the World Health Organisation. Though threat to Oman from this epidemic is described as remote, all inward-bound flights to the Muscat International Airport, passengers and crew are being asked to fill-in a 'Self Declaration Form.'
Any passenger on an aircraft who has visited or transited through countries such as Liberia, Sierra Leone or Guinea, or came in contact with any suspected case of EVD in other countries and is suffering from any of the symptoms like fever, weakness, muscle pain, headache, sore throat, vomiting, diarrhoea, rash or bleeding in the last two months, should be isolated immediately from the rest of the passengers and the cabin crew should apply all infection prevention precautions.
The cabin crew has to inform the pilot who, in turn, will send advance information to the airport terminal services unit at the airport. An alert is also sent to the airport clinic team.
Once the aircraft lands, the airport clinic team approaches aircraft in an ambulance and applies infection prevention precautions (full gear) and shifts the suspected case to an isolation room.
However, the airport clinic should not collect any samples nor it should conduct any procedures but has to inform and coordinate with focal point personnel at the Royal Hospital and notify the National Emergency Operations Centre on their hotline.
Once in the hospital, the staff will isolate the patient in a separate room with adequate ventilation and an attached toilet.